Fonts and Line Spacing

All thesis text should be double spaced (except for the cases noted below)

  • Check that the line spacing in your Word (document) application is set for double spacing

  • Don't leave extra space between paragraphs; simply indent new paragraphs ½” from left-hand margin

Single spacing is used for:

  • Extensive figure captions

  • Long quotations (i.e. more than four lines - often called "block quotes")

    • Introduce the quotation with a sentence in the main text, typically followed by a colon

    • Double-space before the beginning of a block quote

    • To visually distinguish the quotation from a new paragraph indentation, indent block quotes 1” from left-hand margin

  • Reference list / Bibliography

    • Single space within each entry; but add a double space between entries

Headings and subheadings have very specific formats

  • When instructions call for quadruple spacing (e.g., after a chapter title or before an "A-heading"), hit enter/return twice to create 2 double spaces

Page Numbers can follow one of these styles:

  • Centered on bottom, 1/2" from bottom edge of page

  • Placed in top right corner, 1" from the right side of page

Page Number Suggestions

  • Leave the printed number off the first page of a new chapter

  • Typically omit printed numbers from figures and/or tables that take up a full page but be consistent across all tables/figures

    • When doing this, still count pages as if they were numbered (e.g., if a full page for Table 4 follows page 25, then the page after Table 4 should be page 27)


  • Should be 12-point font for text

  • Should not be smaller than 10-point font for notes

  • Times New Roman is preferred

  • Don't select right justify

  • Use the same font in all headers, page numbers, tables, figures and footnotes